* PD-Clustering and Factor PD-Clustering* (

**FPDclustering**)

Probabilistic distance clustering (PD-clustering) is an iterative, distribution free, probabilistic clustering method. PD-clustering assigns units to a cluster according to their probability of membership, under the constraint that the product of the probability and the distance of each point to any cluster centre is a constant. PD-clustering is a flexible method that can be used with non-spherical clusters, outliers, or noisy data. Facto PD-clustering (FPDC) is a recently proposed factor clustering method that involves a linear transformation of variables and a cluster optimizing the PD-clustering criterion. It allows clustering of high dimensional data sets.

* Deep Learning Methods via Rcpp* (

**RcppDL**)

This package is based on the C++ code from Yusuke Sugomori, which implements basic machine learning methods with many layers (deep learning), including dA (Denoising Autoencoder), SdA (Stacked Denoising Autoencoder), RBM (Restricted Boltzmann machine) and DBN (Deep Belief Nets).

* Quantile Quantile Plots Self Calibrating For Visual Testing* (

**qqtest**)

Provides the function qqtest which incorporates uncertainty in its qqplot display(s) so that the user might have a better sense of the evidence against the specified distributional hypothesis. qqtest draws a quantile quantile plot for visually assessing whether the data come from a test distribution that has been defined in one of many ways. The vertical axis plots the data quantiles, the horizontal those of a test distribution. The default behaviour generates 1000 samples from the test distribution and overlays the plot with pointwise interval estimates for the ordered quantiles from the test distribution. A small number of independently generated exemplar quantile plots are also overlaid. Both the interval estimates and the exemplars provide different comparative information to assess the evidence provided by the qqplot for or against the hypothesis that the data come from the test distribution (default is normal or gaussian). Finally, a visual test of significance (a lineup plot) can also be displayed to test the null hypothesis that the data come from the test distribution.

* Mixed-Effects Ordinal Regression Analysis* (

**mixor**)

Provides the function ‘mixord’ for fitting a mixed-effects ordinal and binary response models and associated methods for printing, summarizing, extracting estimated coefficients and variance-covariance matrix, and estimating contrasts for the fitted models.

* Leader Clustering Algorithm* (

**leaderCluster**)

The leader clustering algorithm provides a means for clustering a set of data points. Unlike many other clustering algorithms it does not require the user to specify the number of clusters, but instead requires the approximate radius of a cluster as its primary tuning parameter. The package provides a fast implementation of this algorithm in n-dimensions using Lp-distances (with special cases for p=1,2, and infinity) as well as for spatial data using the Haversine formula, which takes latitude/longitude pairs as inputs and clusters based on great circle distances.

* Group Iterative Multiple Model Estimation* (

**gimme**)

Automated identification and estimation of group- and individual-level relations in time series data from within a structural equation modeling framework.