|Argumentation mining is an application of natural language processing (NLP) that emerged a few years ago and has recently enjoyed considerable popularity, as demonstrated by a series of international workshops and by a rising number of publications at the major conferences and journals of the field. Its goals are to identify argumentation in text or dialogue; to construct representations of the constellation of claims, supporting and attacking moves (in different levels of detail); and to characterize the patterns of reasoning that appear to license the argumentation. Furthermore, recent work also addresses the difficult tasks of evaluating the persuasiveness and quality of arguments. Some of the linguistic genres that are being studied include legal text, student essays, political discourse and debate, newspaper editorials, scientific writing, and others. The book starts with a discussion of the linguistic perspective, characteristics of argumentative language, and their relationship to certain other notions such as subjectivity. Besides the connection to linguistics, argumentation has for a long time been a topic in Artificial Intelligence, where the focus is on devising adequate representations and reasoning formalisms that capture the properties of argumentative exchange. It is generally very difficult to connect the two realms of reasoning and text analysis, but we are convinced that it should be attempted in the long term, and therefore we also touch upon some fundamentals of reasoning approaches.|
|This book gathers contributions addressing issues related to the analysis of composite structures, whose most relevant common thread is augmented numerical efficiency, which is more accurate for given computational costs than existing methods and methodologies. It first presents structural theories to deal with the anisotropy of composites and to embed multifield and nonlinear effects to extend design capabilities and provide methods of augmenting the fidelity of structural theories and lowering computational costs, including the finite element method. The second part of the book focuses on damage analysis; the multiscale and multicomponent nature of composites leads to extremely complex failure mechanisms, and predictive tools require physics-based models to reduce the need for fitting and tuning based on costly and lengthy experiments, and to lower computational costs; furthermore the correct monitoring of in-service damage is decisive in the context of damage tolerance. The third part then presents recent advances in embedding characterization and manufacturing effects in virtual testing. The book summarizes the outcomes of the FULLCOMP (FULLy integrated analysis, design, manufacturing, and health-monitoring of COMPosite structures) research project.|
|Theory, Algorithms and Applications|
|This book presents an overview of techniques for discovering high-utility patterns (patterns with a high importance) in data. It introduces the main types of high-utility patterns, as well as the theory and core algorithms for high-utility pattern mining, and describes recent advances, applications, open-source software, and research opportunities. It also discusses several types of discrete data, including customer transaction data and sequential data. The book consists of twelve chapters, seven of which are surveys presenting the main subfields of high-utility pattern mining, including itemset mining, sequential pattern mining, big data pattern mining, metaheuristic-based approaches, privacy-preserving pattern mining, and pattern visualization. The remaining five chapters describe key techniques and applications, such as discovering concise representations and regular patterns.|
|Learn Julia 1.x by building apps for data analysis, visualization, machine learning, and the web|
|A step-by-step guide that demonstrates how to build simple-to-advanced applications through examples in Julia Lang 1.x using modern tools. Work with powerful open-source libraries for data wrangling, analysis, and visualization. Develop full-featured, full-stack web applications.
Learn to perform supervised and unsupervised machine learning and time series analysis with Julia.
Book DescriptionJulia is a new programming language that offers a unique combination of performance and productivity. Its powerful features, friendly syntax, and speed are attracting a growing number of adopters from Python, R, and Matlab, effectively raising the bar for modern general and scientific computing.
After six years in the making, Julia has reached version 1.0. Now is the perfect time to learn it, due to its large-scale adoption across a wide range of domains, including fintech, biotech, education, and AI.
Beginning with an introduction to the language, Julia Programming Projects goes on to illustrate how to analyze the Iris dataset using DataFrames. You will explore functions and the type system, methods, and multiple dispatch while building a web scraper and a web app. Next, you’ll delve into machine learning, where you’ll build a books recommender system. You will also see how to apply unsupervised machine learning to perform clustering on the San Francisco business database. After metaprogramming, the final chapters will discuss dates and time, time series analysis, visualization, and forecasting.
We’ll close with package development, documenting, testing and benchmarking.
By the end of the book, you will have gained the practical knowledge to build real-world applications in Julia.
|Practical guide to building intelligent mobile applications powered by machine learning|
|Machine learning presents an entirely unique opportunity in software development. It allows smartphones to produce an enormous amount of useful data that can be mined, analyzed, and used to make predictions. This book will help you master machine learning for mobile devices with easy-to-follow, practical examples. You will begin with an introduction to machine learning on mobiles and grasp the fundamentals so you become well-acquainted with the subject. You will master supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms, and then learn how to build a machine learning model using mobile-based libraries such as Core ML, TensorFlow Lite, ML Kit, and Fritz on Android and iOS platforms. In doing so, you will also tackle some common and not-so-common machine learning problems with regard to Computer Vision and other real-world domains. By the end of this book, you will have explored machine learning in depth and implemented on-device machine learning with ease, thereby gaining a thorough understanding of how to run, create, and build real-time machine-learning applications on your mobile devices.|
|This edited volume on data science features a variety of research ranging from theoretical to applied and computational topics. Aiming to establish the important connection between mathematics and data science, this book addresses cutting edge problems in predictive modeling, multi-scale representation and feature selection, statistical and topological learning, and related areas. Contributions study topics such as the hubness phenomenon in high-dimensional spaces, the use of a heuristic framework for testing the multi-manifold hypothesis for high-dimensional data, the investigation of interdisciplinary approaches to multi-dimensional obstructive sleep apnea patient data, and the inference of a dyadic measure and its simplicial geometry from binary feature data. Based on the first Women in Data Science and Mathematics (WiSDM) Research Collaboration Workshop that took place in 2017 at the Institute for Compuational and Experimental Research in Mathematics (ICERM) in Providence, Rhode Island, this volume features submissions from several of the working groups as well as contributions from the wider community. The volume is suitable for researchers in data science in industry and academia.|
|This book addresses a range of aging intensity functions, which make it possible to measure and compare aging trends for lifetime random variables. Moreover, they can be used for the characterization of lifetime distributions, also with bounded support. Stochastic orders based on the aging intensities, and their connections with some other orders, are also discussed. To demonstrate the applicability of aging intensity in reliability practice, the book analyzes both real and generated data. The estimated, properly chosen, aging intensity function is mainly recommended to identify data’s lifetime distribution, and secondly, to estimate some of the parameters of the identified distribution. Both reliability researchers and practitioners will find the book a valuable guide and source of inspiration.|
|Building Big Data Applications|
|This is a comprehensive technical guide to designing, building, deploying, and efficiently managing big data applications using Azure Data Lake and complementary Azure technologies. Microsoft Business Intelligence experts Stacia Varga and Michael Luckevich share their immense practical experience in developing big data applications, illuminating key concepts and best practices through clear and concise examples. You’ll discover proven solutions for maximizing scalability, performance, and value, and avoiding pitfalls faced by early Azure big data implementers.|
|Advanced Methods, Decision Support Tools and Real-World Applications|
|This book provides a complete picture of several decision support tools for predictive maintenance. These include embedding early anomaly/fault detection, diagnosis and reasoning, remaining useful life prediction (fault prognostics), quality prediction and self-reaction, as well as optimization, control and self-healing techniques. It shows recent applications of these techniques within various types of industrial (production/utilities/equipment/plants/smart devices, etc.) systems addressing several challenges in Industry 4.0 and different tasks dealing with Big Data Streams, Internet of Things, specific infrastructures and tools, high system dynamics and non-stationary environments . Applications discussed include production and manufacturing systems, renewable energy production and management, maritime systems, power plants and turbines, conditioning systems, compressor valves, induction motors, flight simulators, railway infrastructures, mobile robots, cyber security and Internet of Things. The contributors go beyond state of the art by placing a specific focus on dynamic systems, where it is of utmost importance to update system and maintenance models on the fly to maintain their predictive power.|
|A Practical Guide to Modeling and Forecasting|
|Written for those who need an introduction, Applied Time Series Analysis reviews applications of the popular econometric analysis technique across disciplines. Carefully balancing accessibility with rigor, it spans economics, finance, economic history, climatology, meteorology, and public health. Terence Mills provides a practical, step-by-step approach that emphasizes core theories and results without becoming bogged down by excessive technical details. Including univariate and multivariate techniques, Applied Time Series Analysis provides data sets and program files that support a broad range of multidisciplinary applications, distinguishing this book from others.|