**Noise Engineered Mode-matching GAN (NEMGAN)**

Conditional generation refers to the process of sampling from an unknown distribution conditioned on semantics of the data. This can be achieved by augmenting the generative model with the desired semantic labels, albeit it is not straightforward in an unsupervised setting where the semantic label of every data sample is unknown. In this paper, we address this issue by proposing a method that can generate samples conditioned on the properties of a latent distribution engineered in accordance with a certain data prior. In particular, a latent space inversion network is trained in tandem with a generative adversarial network such that the modal properties of the latent space distribution are induced in the data generating distribution. We demonstrate that our model despite being fully unsupervised, is effective in learning meaningful representations through its mode matching property. We validate our method on multiple unsupervised tasks such as conditional generation, attribute discovery and inference using three real world image datasets namely MNIST, CIFAR-10 and CelebA and show that the results are comparable to the state-of-the-art methods. … **Holt-Winters Method (HW)**

Holt (1957) and Winters (1960) extended Holt’s method to capture seasonality. The Holt-Winters seasonal method comprises the forecast equation and three smoothing equations – one for the level ℓ t , one for trend b t , and one for the seasonal component denoted by s t, with smoothing parameters α , β ∗ and γ. We use m to denote the period of the seasonality, i.e., the number of seasons in a year. For example, for quarterly data m=4 , and for monthly data m=12. There are two variations to this method that differ in the nature of the seasonal component. The additive method is preferred when the seasonal variations are roughly constant through the series, while the multiplicative method is preferred when the seasonal variations are changing proportional to the level of the series. With the additive method, the seasonal component is expressed in absolute terms in the scale of the observed series, and in the level equation the series is seasonally adjusted by subtracting the seasonal component. Within each year the seasonal component will add up to approximately zero. With the multiplicative method, the seasonal component is expressed in relative terms (percentages) and the series is seasonally adjusted by dividing through by the seasonal component. Within each year, the seasonal component will sum up to approximately m. … **Annotation Query Language (AQL)**

Annotation Query Language (AQL) is the language for developing text analytics extractors in the InfoSphere BigInsights Text Analytics system. An extractor is a program written in AQL that extracts structured information from unstructured or semistructured text. AQL is a declarative language. The syntax of AQL is similar to that of Structured Query Language (SQL), but with several important differences. … **Data2Vis**

Rapidly creating effective visualizations using expressive grammars is challenging for users who have limited time and limited skills in statistics and data visualization. Even high-level, dedicated visualization tools often require users to manually select among data attributes, decide which transformations to apply, and specify mappings between visual encoding variables and raw or transformed attributes. In this paper, we introduce Data2Vis, a neural translation model, for automatically generating visualizations from given datasets. We formulate visualization generation as a sequence to sequence translation problem where data specification is mapped to a visualization specification in a declarative language (Vega-Lite). To this end, we train a multilayered Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model with attention on a corpus of visualization specifications. Qualitative results show that our model learns the vocabulary and syntax for a valid visualization specification, appropriate transformations (count, bins, mean) and how to use common data selection patterns that occur within data visualizations. Our model generates visualizations that are comparable to manually-created visualizations in a fraction of the time, with potential to learn more complex visualization strategies at scale. …

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Jun 2022

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