**Continuous Adaptive Blending (CAB)**

The ability to perform offline A/B-testing and off-policy learning using logged contextual bandit feedback is highly desirable in a broad range of applications, including recommender systems, search engines, ad placement, and personalized health care. Both offline A/B-testing and off-policy learning require a counterfactual estimator that evaluates how some new policy would have performed, if it had been used instead of the logging policy. This paper proposes a new counterfactual estimator – called Continuous Adaptive Blending (CAB) – for this policy evaluation problem that combines regression and weighting approaches for an effective bias/variance trade-off. It can be substantially less biased than clipped Inverse Propensity Score weighting and the Direct Method, and it can have less variance compared with Doubly Robust and IPS estimators. Experimental results show that CAB provides excellent and reliable estimation accuracy compared to other blended estimators, and – unlike the SWITCH estimator – is sub-differentiable such that it can be used for learning. … **Refinery**

Refinery is an open source platform for the massive analysis of large unstructured document collections using the latest state of the art topic models. The goal of Refinery is to simplify this process within an intuitive web-based interface. What makes Refinery unique is that its meant to be run locally, thus bypassing the need for securing document collections over the internet. Refinery was developed by myself and Ben Swanson at MIT Media Lab. It was also the recipient of the Knight Prototype Award in 2014. … **Convolutional Poisson Gamma Belief Network (CPGBN)**

For text analysis, one often resorts to a lossy representation that either completely ignores word order or embeds each word as a low-dimensional dense feature vector. In this paper, we propose convolutional Poisson factor analysis (CPFA) that directly operates on a lossless representation that processes the words in each document as a sequence of high-dimensional one-hot vectors. To boost its performance, we further propose the convolutional Poisson gamma belief network (CPGBN) that couples CPFA with the gamma belief network via a novel probabilistic pooling layer. CPFA forms words into phrases and captures very specific phrase-level topics, and CPGBN further builds a hierarchy of increasingly more general phrase-level topics. For efficient inference, we develop both a Gibbs sampler and a Weibull distribution based convolutional variational auto-encoder. Experimental results demonstrate that CPGBN can extract high-quality text latent representations that capture the word order information, and hence can be leveraged as a building block to enrich a wide variety of existing latent variable models that ignore word order. … **Congruence Distance**

A time series is a sequence of data items; typical examples are videos, stock ticker data, or streams of temperature measurements. Quite some research has been devoted to comparing and indexing simple time series, i.e., time series where the data items are real numbers or integers. However, for many application scenarios, the data items of a time series are not simple, but high-dimensional data points. Motivated by an application scenario dealing with motion gesture recognition, we develop a distance measure (which we call congruence distance) that serves as a model for the approximate congruency of two multi-dimensional time series. This distance measure generalizes the classical notion of congruence from point sets to multi-dimensional time series. We show that, given two input time series $S$ and $T$, computing the congruence distance of $S$ and $T$ is NP-hard. Afterwards, we present two algorithms that compute an approximation of the congruence distance. We provide theoretical bounds that relate these approximations with the exact congruence distance. …

# If you did not already know

**24**
*Friday*
Jun 2022

Posted What is ...

in