Ontology Based Data Access (OBDA) google
Ontology-based data access is concerned with querying incomplete data sources in the presence of domain-specific knowledge provided by an ontology. A central notion in this setting is that of an ontology-mediated query, which is a database query coupled with an ontology.
Ontology-Based Data Access: A Study through Disjunctive Datalog, CSP, and MMSNP

Online Portfolio Selection (OLPS) google
Online portfolio selection, which sequentially selects a portfolio over a set of assets in order to achieve certain targets, is a natural and important task for asset portfolio management. Aiming to maximize the cumulative wealth, several categories of algorithms have been proposed to solve this task. One category of algorithms-Follow theWinner- tries to asymptotically achieve the same growth rate (expected log return) as that of an optimal strategy, which is often based on the CGT. The second category-Follow the Loser-transfers the wealth from winning assets to losers, which seems contradictory to the common sense but empirically often achieves significantly better performance. Finally, the third category-Pattern Matching-based approaches-tries to predict the next market distribution based on a sample of historical data and explicitly optimizes the portfolio based on the sampled distribution. Although these three categories are focused on a single strategy (class), there are also some other strategies that focus on combining multiple strategies (classes)-Meta-Learning Algorithms (MLAs).

Random Projection google
Random Projection is a foundational research topic that connects a bunch of machine learning algorithms under a similar mathematical basis. It is used to reduce the dimensionality of the dataset by projecting the data points efficiently to a smaller dimensions while preserving the original relative distance between the data points. In this paper, we are intended to explain random projection method, by explaining its mathematical background and foundation, the applications that are currently adopting it, and an overview on its current research perspective. …

Iterative Self-Organizing Data Analysis Technique (ISODATA) google
This is a more sophisticated algorithm which allows the number of clusters to be automatically adjusted during the iteration by merging similar clusters and splitting clusters with large standard deviations. …