Sequence-to-Sequence-to-Sequence Autoencoder (SEQ^3) google
Neural sequence-to-sequence models are currently the dominant approach in several natural language processing tasks, but require large parallel corpora. We present a sequence-to-sequence-to-sequence autoencoder (SEQ^3), consisting of two chained encoder-decoder pairs, with words used as a sequence of discrete latent variables. We apply the proposed model to unsupervised abstractive sentence compression, where the first and last sequences are the input and reconstructed sentences, respectively, while the middle sequence is the compressed sentence. Constraining the length of the latent word sequences forces the model to distill important information from the input. A pretrained language model, acting as a prior over the latent sequences, encourages the compressed sentences to be human-readable. Continuous relaxations enable us to sample from categorical distributions, allowing gradient-based optimization, unlike alternatives that rely on reinforcement learning. The proposed model does not require parallel text-summary pairs, achieving promising results in unsupervised sentence compression on benchmark datasets. …

Active Domain Randomization google
Domain randomization is a popular technique for improving domain transfer, often used in a zero-shot setting when the target domain is unknown or cannot easily be used for training. In this work, we empirically examine the effects of domain randomization on agent generalization. Our experiments show that domain randomization may lead to suboptimal, high-variance policies, which we attribute to the uniform sampling of environment parameters. We propose Active Domain Randomization, a novel algorithm that learns a parameter sampling strategy. Our method looks for the most informative environment variations within the given randomization ranges by leveraging the discrepancies of policy rollouts in randomized and reference environment instances. We find that training more frequently on these instances leads to better overall agent generalization. In addition, when domain randomization and policy transfer fail, Active Domain Randomization offers more insight into the deficiencies of both the chosen parameter ranges and the learned policy, allowing for more focused debugging. Our experiments across various physics-based simulated and a real-robot task show that this enhancement leads to more robust, consistent policies. …

Advanced Supervised Principal Component Analysis (ASPCA) google
We present a straightforward non-iterative method for shallowing of deep Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) by combination of several layers of CNNs with Advanced Supervised Principal Component Analysis (ASPCA) of their outputs. We tested this new method on a practically important case of `friend-or-foe’ face recognition. This is the backyard dog problem: the dog should (i) distinguish the members of the family from possible strangers and (ii) identify the members of the family. Our experiments revealed that the method is capable of drastically reducing the depth of deep learning CNNs, albeit at the cost of mild performance deterioration. …

Deep Multimodality Model for Multi-task Multi-view Learning (Deep-MTMV) google
Many real-world problems exhibit the coexistence of multiple types of heterogeneity, such as view heterogeneity (i.e., multi-view property) and task heterogeneity (i.e., multi-task property). For example, in an image classification problem containing multiple poses of the same object, each pose can be considered as one view, and the detection of each type of object can be treated as one task. Furthermore, in some problems, the data type of multiple views might be different. In a web classification problem, for instance, we might be provided an image and text mixed data set, where the web pages are characterized by both images and texts. A common strategy to solve this kind of problem is to leverage the consistency of views and the relatedness of tasks to build the prediction model. In the context of deep neural network, multi-task relatedness is usually realized by grouping tasks at each layer, while multi-view consistency is usually enforced by finding the maximal correlation coefficient between views. However, there is no existing deep learning algorithm that jointly models task and view dual heterogeneity, particularly for a data set with multiple modalities (text and image mixed data set or text and video mixed data set, etc.). In this paper, we bridge this gap by proposing a deep multi-task multi-view learning framework that learns a deep representation for such dual-heterogeneity problems. Empirical studies on multiple real-world data sets demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed Deep-MTMV algorithm. …