CodedPrivateML google
How to train a machine learning model while keeping the data private and secure? We present CodedPrivateML, a fast and scalable approach to this critical problem. CodedPrivateML keeps both the data and the model information-theoretically private, while allowing efficient parallelization of training across distributed workers. We characterize CodedPrivateML’s privacy threshold and prove its convergence for logistic (and linear) regression. Furthermore, via experiments over Amazon EC2, we demonstrate that CodedPrivateML can provide an order of magnitude speedup (up to $\sim 34\times$) over the state-of-the-art cryptographic approaches. …

Knowledge Distillation google
Knowledge distillation (KD) consists of transferring knowledge from one machine learning model (the teacher}) to another (the student). Commonly, the teacher is a high-capacity model with formidable performance, while the student is more compact. By transferring knowledge, one hopes to benefit from the student’s compactness.
What is Knowledge Distillation?
Distilling the Knowledge in a Neural Network

Semblance google
Kernel methods provide a principled approach for detecting nonlinear relations using well understood linear algorithms. In exploratory data analyses when the underlying structure of the data’s probability space is unclear, the choice of kernel is often arbitrary. Here, we present a novel kernel, Semblance, on a probability feature space. The advantage of Semblance lies in its distribution free formulation and its ability to detect niche features by placing greater emphasis on similarity between observation pairs that fall at the tail ends of a distribution, as opposed to those that fall towards the mean. We prove that Semblance is a valid Mercer kernel and illustrate its applicability through simulations and real world examples. …

CINEX google
Information extraction traditionally focuses on extracting relations between identifiable entities, such as <Monterey, locatedIn, California>. Yet, texts often also contain Counting information, stating that a subject is in a specific relation with a number of objects, without mentioning the objects themselves, for example, ‘California is divided into 58 counties’. Such counting quantifiers can help in a variety of tasks such as query answering or knowledge base curation, but are neglected by prior work. This paper develops the first full-fledged system for extracting counting information from text, called CINEX. We employ distant supervision using fact counts from a knowledge base as training seeds, and develop novel techniques for dealing with several challenges: (i) non-maximal training seeds due to the incompleteness of knowledge bases, (ii) sparse and skewed observations in text sources, and (iii) high diversity of linguistic patterns. Experiments with five human-evaluated relations show that CINEX can achieve 60% average precision for extracting counting information. In a large-scale experiment, we demonstrate the potential for knowledge base enrichment by applying CINEX to 2,474 frequent relations in Wikidata. CINEX can assert the existence of 2.5M facts for 110 distinct relations, which is 28% more than the existing Wikidata facts for these relations. …