Incremental Sparse Bayesian Ordinal Regression (ISBOR) google
Ordinal Regression (OR) aims to model the ordering information between different data categories, which is a crucial topic in multi-label learning. An important class of approaches to OR models the problem as a linear combination of basis functions that map features to a high dimensional non-linear space. However, most of the basis function-based algorithms are time consuming. We propose an incremental sparse Bayesian approach to OR tasks and introduce an algorithm to sequentially learn the relevant basis functions in the ordinal scenario. Our method, called Incremental Sparse Bayesian Ordinal Regression (ISBOR), automatically optimizes the hyper-parameters via the type-II maximum likelihood method. By exploiting fast marginal likelihood optimization, ISBOR can avoid big matrix inverses, which is the main bottleneck in applying basis function-based algorithms to OR tasks on large-scale datasets. We show that ISBOR can make accurate predictions with parsimonious basis functions while offering automatic estimates of the prediction uncertainty. Extensive experiments on synthetic and real word datasets demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of ISBOR compared to other basis function-based OR approaches. …

Softer-Non-Maximum Suppression (Softer-NMS) google
Non-maximum suppression (NMS) is essential for state-of-the-art object detectors to localize object from a set of candidate locations. However, accurate candidate location sometimes is not associated with a high classification score, which leads to object localization failure during NMS. In this paper, we introduce a novel bounding box regression loss for learning bounding box transformation and localization variance together. The resulting localization variance exhibits a strong connection to localization accuracy, which is then utilized in our new non-maximum suppression method to improve localization accuracy for object detection. On MS-COCO, we boost the AP of VGG-16 faster R-CNN from 23.6% to 29.1% with a single model and nearly no additional computational overhead. More importantly, our method is able to improve the AP of ResNet-50 FPN fast R-CNN from 36.8% to 37.8%, which achieves state-of-the-art bounding box refinement result. …

Principal Filter Analysis (PFA) google
Principal Filter Analysis (PFA), is an elegant, easy to implement, yet effective methodology for neural network compression. PFA exploits the intrinsic correlation between filter responses within network layers to recommend a smaller network footprint. …

Collective Intelligence (COIN) google
Collective Intelligence is shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making. The term appears in sociobiology, political science and in context of mass peer review and crowdsourcing applications. It may involve consensus, social capital and formalisms such as voting systems, social media and other means of quantifying mass activity. Collective IQ is a measure of collective intelligence, although it is often used interchangeably with the term collective intelligence. (‘Building new conclusions from independent contributors is really what collective intelligence is all about.’)
“Probability Collectives”