**Sitting Closer to Friends than Enemies (SCFE)**

The Sitting Closer to Friends than Enemies (SCFE) problem is to find an embedding in a metric space for the vertices of a given signed graph so that, for every pair of incident edges with different sign, the positive edge is shorter (in the metric of the space) than the negative edge. … **Directional Statistics**

Directional statistics is the subdiscipline of statistics that deals with directions (unit vectors in Rn), axes (lines through the origin in Rn) or rotations in Rn. More generally, directional statistics deals with observations on compact Riemannian manifolds. The fact that 0 degrees and 360 degrees are identical angles, so that for example 180 degrees is not a sensible mean of 2 degrees and 358 degrees, provides one illustration that special statistical methods are required for the analysis of some types of data (in this case, angular data). Other examples of data that may be regarded as directional include statistics involving temporal periods (e.g. time of day, week, month, year, etc.), compass directions, dihedral angles in molecules, orientations, rotations and so on. … **Known-class Aware Self-Ensemble (KASE)**

Existing domain adaptation methods generally assume different domains have the identical label space, which is quite restrict for real-world applications. In this paper, we focus on a more realistic and challenging case of open set domain adaptation. Particularly, in open set domain adaptation, we allow the classes from the source and target domains to be partially overlapped. In this case, the assumption of conventional distribution alignment does not hold anymore, due to the different label spaces in two domains. To tackle this challenge, we propose a new approach coined as Known-class Aware Self-Ensemble (KASE), which is built upon the recently developed self-ensemble model. In KASE, we first introduce a Known-class Aware Recognition (KAR) module to identify the known and unknown classes from the target domain, which is achieved by encouraging a low cross-entropy for known classes and a high entropy based on the source data from the unknown class. Then, we develop a Known-class Aware Adaptation (KAA) module to better adapt from the source domain to the target by reweighing the adaptation loss based on the likeliness to belong to known classes of unlabeled target samples as predicted by KAR. Extensive experiments on multiple benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach. … **NNStreamer**

We propose nnstreamer, a software system that handles neural networks as filters of stream pipelines, applying the stream processing paradigm to neural network applications. A new trend with the wide-spread of deep neural network applications is on-device AI; i.e., processing neural networks directly on mobile devices or edge/IoT devices instead of cloud servers. Emerging privacy issues, data transmission costs, and operational costs signifies the need for on-device AI especially when a huge number of devices with real-time data processing are deployed. Nnstreamer efficiently handles neural networks with complex data stream pipelines on devices, improving the overall performance significantly with minimal efforts. Besides, nnstreamer simplifies the neural network pipeline implementations and allows reusing off-shelf multimedia stream filters directly; thus it reduces the developmental costs significantly. Nnstreamer is already being deployed with a product releasing soon and is open source software applicable to a wide range of hardware architectures and software platforms. …

# If you did not already know

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