Independently Interpretable Lasso (IILasso) google
Sparse regularization such as $\ell_1$ regularization is a quite powerful and widely used strategy for high dimensional learning problems. The effectiveness of sparse regularization have been supported practically and theoretically by several studies. However, one of the biggest issues in sparse regularization is that its performance is quite sensitive to correlations between features. Ordinary $\ell_1$ regularization often selects variables correlated with each other, which results in deterioration of not only its generalization error but also interpretability. In this paper, we propose a new regularization method, ‘Independently Interpretable Lasso’ (IILasso for short). Our proposed regularizer suppresses selecting correlated variables, and thus each active variables independently affect the objective variable in the model. Hence, we can interpret regression coefficients intuitively and also improve the performance by avoiding overfitting. We analyze theoretical property of IILasso and show that the proposed method is much advantageous for its sign recovery and achieves almost minimax optimal convergence rate. Synthetic and real data analyses also indicate the effectiveness of IILasso. …

UnBounded output network (UBnet) google
We proposed the expected energy-based restricted Boltzmann machine (EE-RBM) as a discriminative RBM method for classification. Two characteristics of the EE-RBM are that the output is unbounded and that the target value of correct classification is set to a value much greater than one. In this study, by adopting features of the EE-RBM approach to feed-forward neural networks, we propose the UnBounded output network (UBnet) which is characterized by three features: (1) unbounded output units; (2) the target value of correct classification is set to a value much greater than one; and (3) the models are trained by a modified mean-squared error objective. We evaluate our approach using the MNIST, CIFAR-10, and CIFAR-100 benchmark datasets. We first demonstrate, for shallow UBnets on MNIST, that a setting of the target value equal to the number of hidden units significantly outperforms a setting of the target value equal to one, and it also outperforms standard neural networks by about 25\%. We then validate our approach by achieving high-level classification performance on the three datasets using unbounded output residual networks. We finally use MNIST to analyze the learned features and weights, and we demonstrate that UBnets are much more robust against adversarial examples than the standard approach of using a softmax output layer and training the networks by a cross-entropy objective. …

Hierarchical Invertible Neural Transport (HINT) google
In this paper, we introduce Hierarchical Invertible Neural Transport (HINT), an algorithm that merges Invertible Neural Networks and optimal transport to sample from a posterior distribution in a Bayesian framework. This method exploits a hierarchical architecture to construct a Knothe-Rosenblatt transport map between an arbitrary density and the joint density of hidden variables and observations. After training the map, samples from the posterior can be immediately recovered for any contingent observation. Any underlying model evaluation can be performed fully offline from training without the need of a model-gradient. Furthermore, no analytical evaluation of the prior is necessary, which makes HINT an ideal candidate for sequential Bayesian inference. We demonstrate the efficacy of HINT on two numerical experiments. …

Rank-Aware Factorization Machine (RaFM) google
Factorization machines (FM) are a popular model class to learn pairwise interactions by a low-rank approximation. Different from existing FM-based approaches which use a fixed rank for all features, this paper proposes a Rank-Aware Factorization machine (RaFM) model which adopts pairwise interactions from embeddings with different ranks. The proposed model achieves a better performance on real-world datasets where different features have significantly varying frequencies of occurrences. Moreover, we prove that the RaFM model can be stored, evaluated, and trained as efficiently as one single FM, and under some reasonable conditions it can be even significantly more efficient than FM. RaFM improves the performance of FMs in both regression tasks and classification tasks while incurring less computational burden, therefore also has attractive potential in industrial applications. …

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