**Simplified Shotgun Stochastic Search (S5)**

In p >> n settings, full posterior sampling using existing Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms is highly inefficient and often not feasible from a practical perspective. To overcome this problem, we propose a scalable stochastic search algorithm that is called the Simplified Shotgun Stochastic Search (S5) and aimed at rapidly explore interesting regions of model space and finding the maximum a posteriori(MAP) model. Also, the S5 provides an approximation of posterior probability of each model (including the marginal inclusion probabilities). … **Learning Automata-Based Q-Learning (LAQL)**

An optimization problem of content placement in cooperative caching is formulated, with the aim of maximizing sum mean opinion score (MOS) of mobile users. Firstly, a supervised feed-forward back-propagation connectionist model based neural network (SFBC-NN) is invoked for user mobility and content popularity prediction. More particularly, practical data collected from GPS-tracker app on smartphones is tackled to test the accuracy of mobility prediction. Then, a learning automata-based Q-learning (LAQL) algorithm for cooperative caching is proposed, in which learning automata (LA) is invoked for Q-learning to obtain an optimal action selection in a random and stationary environment. It is proven that the LA-based action selection scheme is capable of enabling every state to select the optimal action with arbitrarily high probability if Q-learning is able to converge to the optimal Q value eventually. To characterize the performance of the proposed algorithms, the sum MOS of users is applied to define the reward function. Extensive simulations reveal that: 1) The prediction error of SFBC-NN lessen with the increase of iterations and nodes; 2) the proposed LAQL achieves significant performance improvement against traditional Q-learning; 3) the cooperative caching scheme is capable of outperforming non-cooperative caching and random caching of 3% and 4%. … **Multiclass Universum SVM (MU-SVM)**

We introduce Universum learning for multiclass problems and propose a novel formulation for multiclass universum SVM (MU-SVM). We also propose an analytic span bound for model selection with almost 2-4x faster computation times than standard resampling techniques. We empirically demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed MUSVM formulation on several real world datasets achieving > 20% improvement in test accuracies compared to multi-class SVM. … **Generalized Network Dismantling**

Finding the set of nodes, which removed or (de)activated can stop the spread of (dis)information, contain an epidemic or disrupt the functioning of a corrupt/criminal organization is still one of the key challenges in network science. In this paper, we introduce the generalized network dismantling problem, which aims to find the set of nodes that, when removed from a network, results in a network fragmentation into subcritical network components at minimum cost. For unit costs, our formulation becomes equivalent to the standard network dismantling problem. Our non-unit cost generalization allows for the inclusion of topological cost functions related to node centrality and non-topological features such as the price, protection level or even social value of a node. In order to solve this optimization problem, we propose a method, which is based on the spectral properties of a novel node-weighted Laplacian operator. The proposed method is applicable to large-scale networks with millions of nodes. It outperforms current state-of-the-art methods and opens new directions in understanding the vulnerability and robustness of complex systems. …

# If you did not already know

**19**
*Tuesday*
May 2020

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