**ADef Algorithm**

While deep neural networks have proven to be a powerful tool for many recognition and classification tasks, their stability properties are still not well understood. In the past, image classifiers have been shown to be vulnerable to so-called adversarial attacks, which are created by additively perturbing the correctly classified image. In this paper, we propose the ADef algorithm to construct a different kind of adversarial attack created by iteratively applying small deformations to the image, found through a gradient descent step. We demonstrate our results on MNIST with a convolutional neural network and on ImageNet with Inception-v3 and ResNet-101. … **Principal Component Projection (PCP)**

Principal component projection is a mathematical procedure that projects high dimensional data onto a lower dimensional space. This lower dimensional space is defined by the principal components with the highest variance in the training data.

Principal Component Projection with Low-Degree Polynomials … **RadiX-Net**

The sizes of deep neural networks (DNNs) are rapidly outgrowing the capacity of hardware to store and train them. Research over the past few decades has explored the prospect of sparsifying DNNs before, during, and after training by pruning edges from the underlying topology. The resulting neural network is known as a sparse neural network. More recent work has demonstrated the remarkable result that certain sparse DNNs can train to the same precision as dense DNNs at lower runtime and storage cost. An intriguing class of these sparse DNNs is the X-Nets, which are initialized and trained upon a sparse topology with neither reference to a parent dense DNN nor subsequent pruning. We present an algorithm that deterministically generates RadiX-Nets: sparse DNN topologies that, as a whole, are much more diverse than X-Net topologies, while preserving X-Nets’ desired characteristics. We further present a functional-analytic conjecture based on the longstanding observation that sparse neural network topologies can attain the same expressive power as dense counterparts … **SpikeProp**

For a network of spiking neurons that encodes information in the timing of individual spike times, we derive a supervised learning rule, SpikeProp, akin to traditional error-backpropagation. With this algorithm, we demonstrate how networks of spiking neurons with biologically reasonable action potentials can perform complex non-linear classification in fast temporal coding just as well as rate-coded networks. We perform experiments for the classical XOR problem, when posed in a temporal setting, as well as for a number of other benchmark datasets. Comparing the (implicit) number of spiking neurons required for the encoding of the interpolated XOR problem, the trained networks demonstrate that temporal coding is a viable code for fast neural information processing, and as such requires less neurons than instantaneous rate-coding. Furthermore, we find that reliable temporal computation in the spiking networks was only accomplished when using spike response functions with a time constant longer than the coding interval, as has been predicted by theoretical considerations. …

# If you did not already know

**08**
*Friday*
May 2020

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