Apache Avro google
Apache Avro is a data serialization system. …

Feudal Multi-agent Hierarchies (FMH) google
We investigate how reinforcement learning agents can learn to cooperate. Drawing inspiration from human societies, in which successful coordination of many individuals is often facilitated by hierarchical organisation, we introduce Feudal Multi-agent Hierarchies (FMH). In this framework, a ‘manager’ agent, which is tasked with maximising the environmentally-determined reward function, learns to communicate subgoals to multiple, simultaneously-operating, ‘worker’ agents. Workers, which are rewarded for achieving managerial subgoals, take concurrent actions in the world. We outline the structure of FMH and demonstrate its potential for decentralised learning and control. We find that, given an adequate set of subgoals from which to choose, FMH performs, and particularly scales, substantially better than cooperative approaches that use a shared reward function. …

Knowledge-Guided Generative Adversarial Network (KG-GAN) google
Generative adversarial networks (GANs) learn to mimic training data that represents the underlying true data distribution. However, GANs suffer when the training data lacks quantity or diversity and therefore cannot represent the underlying distribution well. To improve the performance of GANs trained on under-represented training data distributions, this paper proposes KG-GAN (Knowledge-Guided Generative Adversarial Network) to fuse domain knowledge with the GAN framework. KG-GAN trains two generators; one learns from data while the other learns from knowledge. To achieve KG-GAN, domain knowledge is formulated as a constraint function to guide the learning of the second generator. We validate our framework on two tasks: fine-grained image generation and hair recoloring. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of KG-GAN. …

Relay google
Frameworks for writing, compiling, and optimizing deep learning (DL) models have recently enabled progress in areas like computer vision and natural language processing. Extending these frameworks to accommodate the rapidly diversifying landscape of DL models and hardware platforms presents challenging tradeoffs between expressiveness, composability, and portability. We present Relay, a new intermediate representation (IR) and compiler framework for DL models. The functional, statically-typed Relay IR unifies and generalizes existing DL IRs and can express state-of-the-art models. Relay’s expressive IR required careful design of the type system, automatic differentiation, and optimizations. Relay’s extensible compiler can eliminate abstraction overhead and target new hardware platforms. The design insights from Relay can be applied to existing frameworks to develop IRs that support extension without compromising on expressivity, composibility, and portability. Our evaluation demonstrates that the Relay prototype can already provide competitive performance for a broad class of models running on CPUs, GPUs, and FPGAs. …

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