Human-computer Interaction (HCI) is an interdisciplinary research field involving multiple disciplines, such as computer science, psychology, social science and design. It studies the interaction between users and computer in order to better design technologies and solve real-life problems. This position paper characterizes HCI research in China by comparing it with international HCI research traditions. We discuss the current streams and methodologies of Chinese HCI research. We then propose future HCI research directions such as including emergent users who have less access to technology and addressing the cultural dimensions in order to provide better technical solutions and support. Characterizing HCI Research in China: Streams, Methodologies and Future Directions