**Graph-Adaptive Pruning (GAP)**

In this work, we propose a graph-adaptive pruning (GAP) method for efficient inference of convolutional neural networks (CNNs). In this method, the network is viewed as a computational graph, in which the vertices denote the computation nodes and edges represent the information flow. Through topology analysis, GAP is capable of adapting to different network structures, especially the widely used cross connections and multi-path data flow in recent novel convolutional models. The models can be adaptively pruned at vertex-level as well as edge-level without any post-processing, thus GAP can directly get practical model compression and inference speed-up. Moreover, it does not need any customized computation library or hardware support. Finetuning is conducted after pruning to restore the model performance. In the finetuning step, we adopt a self-taught knowledge distillation (KD) strategy by utilizing information from the original model, through which, the performance of the optimized model can be sufficiently improved, without introduction of any other teacher model. Experimental results show the proposed GAP can achieve promising result to make inference more efficient, e.g., for ResNeXt-29 on CIFAR10, it can get 13X model compression and 4.3X practical speed-up with marginal loss of accuracy. … **SlicStan**

Stan is a probabilistic programming language that has been increasingly used for real-world scalable projects. However, to make practical inference possible, the language sacrifices some of its usability by adopting a block syntax, which lacks compositionality and flexible user-defined functions. Moreover, the semantics of the language has been mainly given in terms of intuition about implementation, and has not been formalised. This paper provides a formal treatment of the Stan language, and introduces the probabilistic programming language SlicStan — a compositional, self-optimising version of Stan. Our main contributions are: (1) the formalisation of a core subset of Stan through an operational density-based semantics; (2) the design and semantics of the Stan-like language SlicStan, which facilities better code reuse and abstraction through its compositional syntax, more flexible functions, and information-flow type system; and (3) a formal, semantic-preserving procedure for translating SlicStan to Stan. … **Truncated-Uniform-Laplace (Tulap)**

We derive uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests for simple and one-sided hypotheses for a population proportion within the framework of Differential Privacy (DP), optimizing finite sample performance. We show that in general, DP hypothesis tests can be written in terms of linear constraints, and for exchangeable data can always be expressed as a function of the empirical distribution. Using this structure, we prove a ‘Neyman-Pearson lemma’ for binomial data under DP, where the DP-UMP only depends on the sample sum. Our tests can also be stated as a post-processing of a random variable, whose distribution we coin ”Truncated-Uniform-Laplace” (Tulap), a generalization of the Staircase and discrete Laplace distributions. Furthermore, we obtain exact $p$-values, which are easily computed in terms of the Tulap random variable. Using the above techniques, we show that our tests can be applied to give uniformly most accurate one-sided confidence intervals and optimal confidence distributions. We also derive uniformly most powerful unbiased (UMPU) two-sided tests, which lead to uniformly most accurate unbiased (UMAU) two-sided confidence intervals. We show that our results can be applied to distribution-free hypothesis tests for continuous data. Our simulation results demonstrate that all our tests have exact type I error, and are more powerful than current techniques. … **Self Driving Data Curation**

Past. Data curation – the process of discovering, integrating, and cleaning data – is one of the oldest data management problems. Unfortunately, it is still the most time consuming and least enjoyable work of data scientists. So far, successful data curation stories are mainly ad-hoc solutions that are either domain-specific (for example, ETL rules) or task-specific (for example, entity resolution). Present. The power of current data curation solutions are not keeping up with the ever changing data ecosystem in terms of volume, velocity, variety and veracity, mainly due to the high human cost, instead of machine cost, needed for providing the ad-hoc solutions mentioned above. Meanwhile, deep learning is making strides in achieving remarkable successes in areas such as image recognition, natural language processing, and speech recognition. This is largely due to its ability to understanding features that are neither domain-specific nor task-specific. Future. Data curation solutions need to keep the pace with the fast-changing data ecosystem, where the main hope is to devise domain-agnostic and task-agnostic solutions. To this end, we start a new research project, called AutoDC, to unleash the potential of deep learning towards self-driving data curation. We will discuss how different deep learning concepts can be adapted and extended to solve various data curation problems. We showcase some low-hanging fruits about the early encounters between deep learning and data curation happening in AutoDC. We believe that the directions pointed out by this work will not only drive AutoDC towards democratizing data curation, but also serve as a cornerstone for researchers and practitioners to move to a new realm of data curation solutions. …

# If you did not already know

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Jun 2019

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