Many chapters in this book illustrate that applying a statistical method such as Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA; Landauer & Dumais, 1997; Landauer, Foltz, & Laham, 1998) to large databases can yield insight into human cognition. The LSA approach makes three claims: that semantic information can be derived from a word-document co-occurrence matrix; that dimensionality reduction is an essential part of this derivation; and that words and documents can be represented as points in Euclidean space. In this chapter, we pursue an approach that is consistent with the first two of these claims, but differs in the third, describing a class of statistical models in which the semantic properties of words and documents are expressed in terms of probabilistic topics. Probabilistic Topic Models