With the U-matrix Ultsch (Information and Classification: Concepts, Methods and Applications, pp. 307-313, Springer, 1993) introduced a powerful visual representation of the Self Organizing Maps results. We propose an approach that utilizes the U-matrix to identify outlying data points. Then the revised subsample (i.e. the initial sample minus the outlying points) is used to give a robust estimation of location and scatter. … Flood Algorithm google