Value-by-Alpha is essentially a bivariate choropleth technique that “equalizes” a base map so that the visual weight of a map unit corresponds to some data value. Whereas cartograms accomplish this by varying size, VbA modifies the alpha channel (transparency, basically) of map units overlain on a neutral color background. Thus shapes and sizes are not distorted (except necessarily by the map projection, of course), but the lower-impact units with lower alpha values fade into the background and make for a map that is visually equalized by the data. … Value-by-Alpha Map google